surat is a rapidly developing city in the Indian state of Gujarat. Surat was a large seaport earlier; it is now a flourishing center for diamond cutting and polishing. The city center of Surat is located on the banks of the Tapti River and is quite close to the Arabian Sea. Apart from its diamond industry, Surat has also achieved huge success in the textile industry and is gradually proceeding into the IT sector. Microsoft and IBM have taken up the task of developing Surat into a smart city with special attention towards Citizen Services, Waste Management and Disaster Management. Surat is known for its wonderful infrastructure - it is often called the city of flyovers. Surat is also known for its sense of hygiene - despite its industrial backdrop, Surat proudly claims to be one of the tidiest and cleanest cities in the country. Surat is a culturally diversified city. Apart from being called the "Diamond City" and the "Silk City", Surat is often referred to as mini India, owing to a large number of immigrants from all over India. Surat is probably the only city in Gujarat that celebrates non-Gujarati festivals. Surats landscape comprises a bustling city with all the modern amenities and industries on one hand and gorgeous beaches on the other. This avid juxtaposition makes the city all the more picturesque., surat is a fast growing city in the state of Gujarat. Surat used to be a seaport earlier. It is now flourishing in diamond cutting and polishing. Thriving on the banks of River Tapti, Surat is near the Arabian Sea. Besides its flourishing diamond business, the city has also achieved immense success in the textile industry. It is now setting its initial footsteps in the IT sector. IBM and Microsoft are developing Surat into a smart city by improving its Services for Citizens, Waste Management and Disaster Management. Surat is often referred to as the "Silk City", "Diamond City" and it is of late being viewed as a mini India, since a large number of immigrants are moving to Surat from all over India thus making it a culturally diversified city. No other city in Gujarat indulges so much in the cultures of other states as Surat does by celebrating many non-Gujarati festivals. The vibrant essence of the city comprises of a bustling city crowd with all the available modern amenities. While there is an industrial belt on one hand, there are gorgeous beaches on the other. This avid combination makes the city all the more picturesque and appealing.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.