singrauli, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is popularly known as the Energy capital of India. The area used to be covered in dense forests earlier that was not navigable and inhabited by wild animals. It was earlier known as Shringavali. It was named after a sage known as Shringi. The kings of the Rewa State ruled the area till 1947. They used the area as an open-air prison to detain errant civilians and officers. Singrauli has five tehsils now - Singrauli, Chitrangi, Deosar, Mada and Sarai. Singrauli has a group of rock-cut caves called Mada Caves made in the 7th and 8th century. All major companies operating in this area belongs to the Indian energy industry, which entirely drives the economy of the city. The companies focus on mining of coal and subsequent power generation. NTPC, Coal India Limited, Essar, Hindalco, Reliance and several other established companies have set up their plants at Singrauli. The industrial belt has also resulted in a critical condition of air pollution which is a serious concern.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.