Pune is a bustling and vibrant metropolis in the state of Maharashtra. Being the second largest city in the state after Mumbai, Pune has become a thriving center of academia and business. The people of Pune lovingly call the city by its erstwhile name "Poona." Pune, coupled up with its industrial counterpart Pimpdi-Chinchwad and three other cantonments, forms the Pune Metropolitan Region or PMR. Looking into the historical past of the city, Pune was ruled by Shivaji and a line of Peshwas till the British took over in 1817 and made it the monsoon capital of the Bombay Presidency. Geographically, the city is located near the Western Ghats at one side, the Deccan Plateau on the other and the Mutha River flows along the left edge of the city. The cool, dry and soothing climate of Pune makes Pune a much-coveted city to settle in. Pune experienced the waves of globalization in the 1990s. The city hosts many well-known educational institutions and is often called the "Oxford of the East." The local economy of the state thrives on education, manufacturing and information technology. With its dynamic mix of capitalism and spiritualism, ancient and modern architecture, and its diverse cultural trends, Pune epitomizes the New India, a city worth exploring.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.