The city of Machilipatnam in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh functions as a municipal corporation, as well as the administrative, headquarter of its district. The city is also known as Masulipatnam and Bandar. It is an ancient port town which served as the settlement of the European traders in the 16th century. The British, Dutch and French used it as a major trading port in the 17th century. Machilipatnam experiences a tropical savanna climate with hot and humid summers and moderate winters. The city gets torrential rainfall during July, August and September. Owing to its vicinity to the Bay of Bengal, Machilipatnam is frequently hit by cyclones originating in the sea. The Machilipatnam Municipal Corporation is the civic body responsible for the governance of the city. This seaside city is known for its handloom industry, specializing in Kalamkari textiles that are exported to the United States and other Asian countries. Building boats and fishing are the other notable industries. Machilipatnam used to be a trading base for the Europeans and was known for the minting of copper coins, exporting diamonds and textiles. The AP state government is trying to revive the glory of the former port city. The Machilipatnam Area Development Authority is planning to set up a deep seaport and its associated industrial corridor at Machilipatnam which is expected to employ over 25,000 people.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.