Kottayam is a prosperous city in the Indian state of Kerala. The city functions as the administrative capital and headquarter of the Kottayam district. Kottayam was previously known as ?Cottayam? and ?Cotym? during the British rule. Kottayam is situated on the banks of the Meenachil River. Kottayam is known to be is one of the main centers of literature; it is hence known as the Akshara Nagari or the Land of Letters. Many Malayalam daily newspapers such as Deepika, Malayala Manorama and Mangalam had started in Kottayam and are headquartered in the city. Kottayam houses the headquarters of The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church. Various missionaries and the Christian churches established many educational institutions in and around the city during the British period. This city is often referred to as Chuvarchithra Nagari or the City of Murals. Domestic tourism has incredibly increased in Kottayam for its beautiful lakes and scenic hilly locations. Kottayam is a major producer or later and a trading center of natural rubber in India. It is the greatest contributor to the citys economy. The cultivation and trade of spices also boost the economy of Kottayam considerably. Kottayam experiences a moderate and pleasant climate with seasonal high levels of humidity.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.