Kamarhati is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Barrackpore subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district. The place was initially a refugee colony soon after the partition of Bengal as many squatters from East Pakistan flocked to this area and encroached upon the public as well as private land. Within a very short time, these refugees initiated all the amenities required for a comfortable lifestyle and developed a proper society. Kamarhati belongs to the Kolkata Urban Agglomerate and houses around 3.5 lakh residents. There are several industrial units in Kamarhati like Texmaco Rail and Engineering Ltd, Kamarhatty Company Ltd (jute mill), Agarpara Jute Mills, Prabartak Jute Mills Ltd, National Tobacco Company Industries Ltd, WIMCO (a Swedish match company), Allied Ceramics Private Limited, Emami Paper Mills Ltd, etc. The Dakshineshwar Temple is located in this area and it draws thousands of devotees every day.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.