Firozabad, a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is commonly known by its nicknames "Suhag Nagari" and "The city of Glass." It was earlier known as Chandwar Nagar which was changed to Firozabad after a local champion named Firoz, during the rule of Emperor Akber. The city has been famous for glass and bangle works since these early days and hence its nicknames are extremely appropriate. The glass bangles and related small-scale industry of Firozabad are famous throughout the world. Firozabad suffers from low literacy levels and pollution. Child labor is intensely practiced in this city. Moreover, Firozabad also experiences an acute water crisis as the available water is polluted beyond repair by the discharge from various factories. Around 6 lakh people live in this city that experiences severe climatic conditions in both summer and winter. Most of the residents ofFirozabad are employed in the various units of manufacturing glass products.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.