Bijapur, a small city in the Indian state of Karnataka, is officially known as Vijayapura. The city is renowned for its historical monuments of grand architecture built during the reign of the Adil Shahi dynasty. It is a heritage city of Karnataka. The city was established in the 10th or 11th century by the Chalukyas of Kalyani and was named as Vijayapura or the city of victory. Bijapur is an ancient city which is the domain of different cultures and also houses five rivers. The rivers ensure a fertile land in the area that supports the agricultural lifestyle of its people. However, most of these rivers are rainfed and hence the region suffers from drought very frequently. There are reputed universities at Bijapur such as the Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka State Womens University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, etc. The place has a rich cultural heritage reflected through its sophisticated literature.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.