Bagaha is a small city located in the Pashchim Champaran district of Bihar. It is a city and a municipality and functions as a subdivision of the Pashchim Champaran district. Bagaha is situated around 64 kilometers north-west of Bettiah and around 294 kilometers away from the state capital Patna. The Gandak River flows through this city, gifting it with fertile soil suitable for cultivation. Bagaha also houses the Valmiki Tiger Reserve. Bagaha has more than 1 lakh residents who mostly speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri and Urdu. The economy of the region is chiefly agrarian and the resident farmers are engaged in the cultivation of paddy, sugarcane and cane reeds.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.