saharsa is located in the Saharsa district of Bihar, near the banks of the Kosi River. The city functions as the administrative headquarter of the Saharsa district in the Mithila region of the state. It is also the capital and divisional headquarter of the Kosi Division that includes three districts. The name Saharsa is believed to have a reference to the Sahars Assembly Constituency, that consists of this city and its neighboring areas. The name originates from saharsha which means laden with joy in Sanskrit. Many residents of Saharsa speak in Maithili. Hindi and Urdu are also widely understood and spoken. The Bagmati and Kosi rivers, along with their tributaries ensure that the area is rich in the alluvial soil which supports cultivation. The main food crop grown here is paddy and the main cash crop is makhana. Bamboo and Teak trees are also largely grown, apart from mango, litchi, mustard, corn, wheat and sugarcane. There are many reputed educational institutes in Saharsa and it has a good network of roads and railway that connect the city to all the nearby areas.
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