Being the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, Madurai is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It is known for its vibrant and rich cultural heritage. It is a seat of education for the Tamil language and famous for its aesthetic art and literature. Madurai has been held in high esteem by many scholars and it is referred to as the "City of Temples and Poets." The history of Madurai dates back to 3rd century BCE, with proof of its vintage through archaeological surveys. The famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai draws many devotees and tourists to the city throughout the year. Tourists from all over the country, especially its southern state, visit Madurai to explore its many temples as well as popular tourist spots like the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Gandhi Memorial Museum, Rajaji Children?s Park, etc. The modern city of Madurai is divided into 100 wards, each of which is administered by an elected member. The city has a large farming community involved in the cultivation of crops like paddy, jasmine, rubber, etc. These drive the economy and trade in the city apart from a few modern industries such as the manufacture of tires, auto components, granite, textile and chemicals. Madurai serves as the base for a few popular two-wheeler manufacturers in India. Many software companies have recently opened their offices in the city and Madurai has been promoted to a Tier-II city. With pristine universities and colleges like the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madura College, Thiagarajar College, American College, Madurai Law College etc. the city is regarded as an academic center for the state of Tamil Nadu.
IOB based in Chennai, is a public sector bank with almost 3400 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, and eight offices in overseas as of 31 October 2017. An ISO certified in-house Information Technology department, which had developed the software used by IOB to provide online banking to customers earlier. The IOB had a network of around 3300 ATMs across India, as of 2016. The branches of IOB are in Singapore, Bangkok, Colombo, Seoul. The representative offices of IOB are in Guangzhou, Dubai, and Vietnam. In 1937, the Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) was established by Thiru.M. Ct. M. Chidambaram Chettyar for encouraging foreign exchange operations and overseas banking. IOB opened a representative office each in Guangzhou, China, and Kualalampur. IOB opened other Representative offices in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates in the year 2009. In 2015, IOB launched m Passbook applications and new mobile banking services. The Apollo Munich Health Insurance has tied up with IOB to serve specialized health and personal accident products to its customers.