The city of Kadapa was earlier known as Cuddapah. Situated in the Rayalaseema region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Kadapa is often referred to as the "Heart of Rayalaseema." Located near the Pedda River, Kadapa functions as the district headquarters of Kadapa district. The Nallamala and Palkonda Hills surround the city. Kadapa is known for its black and red ferrous soils. The city has been ruled by various dynasties such as the Nizams, the Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire and even the Kingdom of Mysore. Kadapa is also known for its delectable cuisine belonging to the Rayalaseema food culture. The economy of Kadapa is largely fuelled by agriculture and mining. The residents of this region are mostly employed in Government jobs and Private sector jobs. Quite a few residents are involved in businesses and the hospitality industry. The area is known for its educational institutions such as Hyderabad Public School, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, KSRM College of Engineering, Yogi Vemana University, etc. The city is well connected to all nearby cities through roads and railways. It also houses an airport,
IOB based in Chennai, is a public sector bank with almost 3400 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, and eight offices in overseas as of 31 October 2017. An ISO certified in-house Information Technology department, which had developed the software used by IOB to provide online banking to customers earlier. The IOB had a network of around 3300 ATMs across India, as of 2016. The branches of IOB are in Singapore, Bangkok, Colombo, Seoul. The representative offices of IOB are in Guangzhou, Dubai, and Vietnam. In 1937, the Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) was established by Thiru.M. Ct. M. Chidambaram Chettyar for encouraging foreign exchange operations and overseas banking. IOB opened a representative office each in Guangzhou, China, and Kualalampur. IOB opened other Representative offices in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates in the year 2009. In 2015, IOB launched m Passbook applications and new mobile banking services. The Apollo Munich Health Insurance has tied up with IOB to serve specialized health and personal accident products to its customers.