The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
IOB based in Chennai, is a public sector bank with almost 3400 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, and eight offices in overseas as of 31 October 2017. An ISO certified in-house Information Technology department, which had developed the software used by IOB to provide online banking to customers earlier. The IOB had a network of around 3300 ATMs across India, as of 2016. The branches of IOB are in Singapore, Bangkok, Colombo, Seoul. The representative offices of IOB are in Guangzhou, Dubai, and Vietnam. In 1937, the Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) was established by Thiru.M. Ct. M. Chidambaram Chettyar for encouraging foreign exchange operations and overseas banking. IOB opened a representative office each in Guangzhou, China, and Kualalampur. IOB opened other Representative offices in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates in the year 2009. In 2015, IOB launched m Passbook applications and new mobile banking services. The Apollo Munich Health Insurance has tied up with IOB to serve specialized health and personal accident products to its customers.