Bathinda is one of the oldest cities as well as a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Punjab. It functions as the administrative headquarters of the Bathinda District. It is situated in the Malwa Region. Bathinda is nicknamed as the City of Lakes, owing to the numerous artificial lakes in the city. The city is also known as Tabar-e-Hind or Tabarhindh which means the Gateway to India. Razia Sultana, the first Empress of India, was imprisoned in the Qila Mubarak fort in this city. Bhatinda is one of the leading cities in education. It has many prestigious academic institutions such as the Central University of Punjab and the upcoming AIIMS. Two modern thermal power plants are housed in Bhatinda - Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant and Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant. The city has a fertilizer plant, an oil refinery and two cement plants by Ambuja Cements & UltraTech Cement. Bathinda is also one of the largest cotton and food grain markets in northern India. Grape is widely cultivated in and around the city and is used for local consumption as well as trade. There are various places worth visiting in Bhatinda. The Bhatinda zoo, the historic Qila Mubarak fort, the gurudwara and mazaar of Haji Rattan are popular tourist centers in the city.
IOB based in Chennai, is a public sector bank with almost 3400 domestic branches, including 1150 branches in Tamil Nadu, and eight offices in overseas as of 31 October 2017. An ISO certified in-house Information Technology department, which had developed the software used by IOB to provide online banking to customers earlier. The IOB had a network of around 3300 ATMs across India, as of 2016. The branches of IOB are in Singapore, Bangkok, Colombo, Seoul. The representative offices of IOB are in Guangzhou, Dubai, and Vietnam. In 1937, the Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) was established by Thiru.M. Ct. M. Chidambaram Chettyar for encouraging foreign exchange operations and overseas banking. IOB opened a representative office each in Guangzhou, China, and Kualalampur. IOB opened other Representative offices in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates in the year 2009. In 2015, IOB launched m Passbook applications and new mobile banking services. The Apollo Munich Health Insurance has tied up with IOB to serve specialized health and personal accident products to its customers.