Bihar Sharif. located in the Indian state of Bihar, functions as the headquarters of the Nalanda district. It is the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan region in the state. Its name is derived from two words - Bihar which is taken from the name of the state as well as from the word Buddha Vihara; and sharif which refers to the resting place of the Sufi saint Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri. The city is a renowned hub of education and trade in the southern regions of Bihar. The economy of this city centers around agriculture, tourism and household manufacturing. Crops such as potato, cauliflower, mustard seed and other vegetables are cultivated and sold to neighboring states. The city serves as a gateway to Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri; thus tourism also boosts the citys economy. The household industries manufacture footwear and garments that add to the revenue generation of the city. Bihar Sharif is currently competing to obtain funds under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission.
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