The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The Bandhan Bank Ltd. is based in Kolkata, West Bengal. Bandhan started as a micro-finance company in 2001 and received its banking license from the RBI in 2014. On 27th March 2018, it became the 8th largest bank in India by market capitalization. The Bank has 840 branches, 2,443 Doorstep Services, 282 ATMs and 12,004 Mini-ATMs or Hand-Held Devices according to the Annual Report of the bank (2016-17). Mr. Harun Rasid Khan is the chairman of the Bandhan Bank. In July 2016, he had been the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. The founder cum managing director and chief executive officer of the Bandhan Bank are Mr. Chandra Shekhar Ghosh. The RBI licensing norms state explicitly that a new bank must have a ? 500 crore capital. The Bandhan Financial Services Limited (BFSL), one of the largest microfinance organization in India owns The Bandhan Financial Holdings. The SIDBI bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Financial Inclusion Trust, North Eastern Financial Inclusion Trust, Singapore Sovereign Wealth Fund GIC and the Bandhan Employees Welfare Trust are the significant investors in the parent organization of Bandhan Bank. The Bandhan Bank get listed on the Bombay stock exchange. On 23rd August 2015, the Bandhan bank was launched by the Union Minister of Finance, Shri Arun Jaitley Ji in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. After a year, the first-anniversary celebration of Bandhan Bank was attended by the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee. For mobile banking, the Bandhan bank has launched m Bandhan app which is available for download on google play store and apple store. The users can check their account information and make money transfers through the app.