Pune is a bustling and vibrant metropolis in the state of Maharashtra. Being the second largest city in the state after Mumbai, Pune has become a thriving center of academia and business. The people of Pune lovingly call the city by its erstwhile name "Poona." Pune, coupled up with its industrial counterpart Pimpdi-Chinchwad and three other cantonments, forms the Pune Metropolitan Region or PMR. Looking into the historical past of the city, Pune was ruled by Shivaji and a line of Peshwas till the British took over in 1817 and made it the monsoon capital of the Bombay Presidency. Geographically, the city is located near the Western Ghats at one side, the Deccan Plateau on the other and the Mutha River flows along the left edge of the city. The cool, dry and soothing climate of Pune makes Pune a much-coveted city to settle in. Pune experienced the waves of globalization in the 1990s. The city hosts many well-known educational institutions and is often called the "Oxford of the East." The local economy of the state thrives on education, manufacturing and information technology. With its dynamic mix of capitalism and spiritualism, ancient and modern architecture, and its diverse cultural trends, Pune epitomizes the New India, a city worth exploring.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.