Baranagar is an emerging city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a municipality in the Barrackpore subdivision of the North 24 Parganas district and territorially belongs to the Kolkata Urban Agglomeration. The area was occupied by the in the seventeenth century. An old mansion of the Dutch merchants still remains in the Kutighat area. There was a hog factory in the area where around 3,000 hogs were slaughtered and salted for export every year. Hogs are called "Baraha" in Bengali and hence the area came to be known as "Baraha Nagar" or the "town of hogs." The name got modified to Baranagar later. Baranagar was a renowned center for the extensive jute trade and manufacturing gunny bags during the British era. Baranagar hosts the Indian Statistical Institute or ISI, which is an institution of national importance. It is devoted to research, teaching and application of statistics, social sciences and natural sciences. The city is a major industrial center for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery. Furthermore, the city also has several units for the manufacture of chemicals, castor oil and matches. It also has numerous cotton-processing companies. Temples such as Kaancher Mandir, Joy Mitra Kali Bari and Pathbari draw a lot of local tourists to Baranagar.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.