Pune is a bustling and vibrant metropolis in the state of Maharashtra. Being the second largest city in the state after Mumbai, Pune has become a thriving center of academia and business. The people of Pune lovingly call the city by its erstwhile name "Poona." Pune, coupled up with its industrial counterpart Pimpdi-Chinchwad and three other cantonments, forms the Pune Metropolitan Region or PMR. Looking into the historical past of the city, Pune was ruled by Shivaji and a line of Peshwas till the British took over in 1817 and made it the monsoon capital of the Bombay Presidency. Geographically, the city is located near the Western Ghats at one side, the Deccan Plateau on the other and the Mutha River flows along the left edge of the city. The cool, dry and soothing climate of Pune makes Pune a much-coveted city to settle in. Pune experienced the waves of globalization in the 1990s. The city hosts many well-known educational institutions and is often called the "Oxford of the East." The local economy of the state thrives on education, manufacturing and information technology. With its dynamic mix of capitalism and spiritualism, ancient and modern architecture, and its diverse cultural trends, Pune epitomizes the New India, a city worth exploring.
In 1870, the Deutsche Bank was founded in Berlin by Georg Siemens, Adelbert Delbruck, and L.Bamberger. The primary objective of the company is to facilitate trade relations between Germany and other markets, European or overseas. In 1929, the bank associated with other local banks to form Deutsche Bank und DiscontoGesellschaft, the biggest ever merger in the history of German banking. The one reason for the merger was increasing costs. In the 1920s, another trend was towards concentration throughout the industry. The alliance striked at the right time to help counteract the banking crisis. The company name changed back to Deutsche Bank in 1937. After Adolf Hitler came to power, instituting the Third Reich, three Jewish board members were dismissed by the bank in 1933. During the war, Deutsche Bank included other banks which came in hands of Germans while working in Eastern Europe. Banking facilities for the Gestapo were offered by the Deutsche Bank along with the loans credited to build the Auschwitz camp. In the financial year 2008, the Deutsche Bank reported its first annual loss in fifty years inspite of receiving billions of dollars from its insurance arrangements with AIG. The co-CEOs, Jrgen Fitschen, and Anshu Jain, both offered their resignations to the banks supervisory board, which were accepted in 2015 but until January 2016, Jain provided consultancy to the bank. The Fitschen continued as joint CEO until May 2016.On July 2016, the appointment of John Cryan as joint CEO was announced and at the end of Fitschens term, he became the sole CEO .