Kolkata or Calcutta is a 350-year-old metropolis which is not only the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal but was also the erstwhile capital city of India. Kolkata is located on the bank of the Hooghly River, and the city is undoubtedly the principal cultural, educational and commercial center of East India. The Port of Kolkata on the Hooghly River is the oldest operating river port in India. The British East India Company had primarily developed the city after a long era of the Nawabi Rule. The native Bengali inhabitants of the city consider Kolkata to be India?s intellectual, artistic and cultural capital. Often called the "City of Joy," this friendly city and its friendlier people are extremely passionate about their culture and heritage, Tagore, politics and literature. Kolkata experiences a hot and sultry summer and a moderately cold winter. The city celebrates almost every Indian festival and gets especially decked up in autumn during the Durga Puja. A typical street in Kolkata consists of distinctively close-knit neighborhoods, freestyle intellectual exchanges, old yellow ambassador taxis, street food joints and sweet shops. North Kolkata hosts the older neighborhoods with huge old-fashioned houses and narrow streets, whereas South Kolkata is home to the posh and upscale Bengalis. Central Kolkata has the central business district; East Kolkata is the new and upcoming area of the city that is randomly developing.
The Canara Bank is the largest public sector bank. Ammembal Sube Rao Pai founded it in 1906. Its head office is in Bangalore. The bank was established as Canara Hindu Permanent Fund in 1906, Mangalore but later in 1910, the name was changed to Canara Bank. The first acquisition of Canara bank was Bank of Kerela which took place in 1961. In 1969, the GOI nationalized Canara Bank, and in 1976, it inaugurated its 1000th branch. The Canara Bank was the first bank to achieve ISO certification for "Total branch banking." The first overseas office of Canara Bank was opened in London and subsequently in Hong Kong and Shanghai. The bank has established a joint venture with SBI and incorporated Commercial Bank of India LLC in Moscow. The seventh branch of the Canara Bank was opened in New York, United States. The bank sponsors two regional rural banks, Kerela Gramin Bank and Pragathi Krishna Gramin Bank. Canara bank has launched a Unified Payment Interface app, "Empower" for its customers to transact using the mobile app.