Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is known for its scenic beauty and old historic structures. The city has many natural as well as artificial lakes and is often referred to as the City of Lakes. The city is divided into two - old and new Bhopal. The old city is marked by its marketplaces, mosques and palaces, whereas the new city has modern buildings, broad avenues as well as many verdant parks and gardens. Folklore says that the city was founded by Raja Bhoja of the Paramara dynasty in the 11th century. The modern city of Bhopal was established by a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army by the name of Dost Mohammad Khan soon after the death of King Aurangzeb. Bhopals delectable cuisine and splendid architecture was a gift from the Muslim rulers. During the British rule, Bhopal became a princely state and was ruled by four Muslim women who are popularly known as the Begums. These Begums gifted the city with its railways, waterworks, the postal system and even a municipality. Hindus and Muslims harmoniously coexist in this city that celebrates Diwali and Eid with equal passion and devotion. Bhopal, in recent times, serves as a trade center of electrical goods, and chemicals, cotton clothes and jewelry. The city also has various institutes of national importance. AIIMS, IISER and ISRO?s Master Control Facility are a few among them. Bhopal is known for its gas tragedy on 3rd December 1984, when methyl isocyanate gas escaped from the Union Carbide Insecticide plant and affected the lives of lakhs of people, killing thousands. It was one of the gravest industrial disasters in the history of mankind.
The Canara Bank is the largest public sector bank. Ammembal Sube Rao Pai founded it in 1906. Its head office is in Bangalore. The bank was established as Canara Hindu Permanent Fund in 1906, Mangalore but later in 1910, the name was changed to Canara Bank. The first acquisition of Canara bank was Bank of Kerela which took place in 1961. In 1969, the GOI nationalized Canara Bank, and in 1976, it inaugurated its 1000th branch. The Canara Bank was the first bank to achieve ISO certification for "Total branch banking." The first overseas office of Canara Bank was opened in London and subsequently in Hong Kong and Shanghai. The bank has established a joint venture with SBI and incorporated Commercial Bank of India LLC in Moscow. The seventh branch of the Canara Bank was opened in New York, United States. The bank sponsors two regional rural banks, Kerela Gramin Bank and Pragathi Krishna Gramin Bank. Canara bank has launched a Unified Payment Interface app, "Empower" for its customers to transact using the mobile app.