The city of Sonipat is also a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Haryana. Situated at a distance of 43 kilometers from the capital city of Delhi, Sonipat is a part of the National Capital Region. The Yamuna marks the eastern boundary of Sonipat, which was earlier a part of Rohtak but was separated and made into a full-fledged district in 1972. Legend says that Sonipat was previously known as Sonprastha, which was modified to svarnaprastha or the golden city. Later, the name was shortened to Svarnpath, and eventually to its current form, Sonipat - also spelled as Sonepat. The Hindu epic Mahabharata says that Svarnaprastha was founded by the Pandavas. The district of Sonipat is divided into three regions - Khadar, Upland Plain and Sandy Region. The city is located on the upland plains. This area is rich in old alluvium, which is highly productive if properly irrigated. Wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, millet, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize are abundantly cultivated at Sonipat using irrigation through tube wells and canals. Horticultural plants, vegetables and flowers are also cultivated. Dairy farming and animal husbandry form an essential part of Sonipats rural economy. Four industrial areas have been developed at Sonipat and factories of HSIIDC, Atlas, Birla Factory, OSRAM India, etc. have been set up. The Rajiv Gandhi Education City at Sonipat has been set up by the government that offers space to many universities for setting up their campus.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.