Being the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, Madurai is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It is known for its vibrant and rich cultural heritage. It is a seat of education for the Tamil language and famous for its aesthetic art and literature. Madurai has been held in high esteem by many scholars and it is referred to as the "City of Temples and Poets." The history of Madurai dates back to 3rd century BCE, with proof of its vintage through archaeological surveys. The famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai draws many devotees and tourists to the city throughout the year. Tourists from all over the country, especially its southern state, visit Madurai to explore its many temples as well as popular tourist spots like the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Gandhi Memorial Museum, Rajaji Children?s Park, etc. The modern city of Madurai is divided into 100 wards, each of which is administered by an elected member. The city has a large farming community involved in the cultivation of crops like paddy, jasmine, rubber, etc. These drive the economy and trade in the city apart from a few modern industries such as the manufacture of tires, auto components, granite, textile and chemicals. Madurai serves as the base for a few popular two-wheeler manufacturers in India. Many software companies have recently opened their offices in the city and Madurai has been promoted to a Tier-II city. With pristine universities and colleges like the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madura College, Thiagarajar College, American College, Madurai Law College etc. the city is regarded as an academic center for the state of Tamil Nadu.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.