Katihar is situated in the eastern regions of the Indian state of Bihar. It functions as the regional headquarter of the Katihar district. It is known all over the eastern part of India for being a highly strategic railway junction. This city belonged to the Purnia district earlier. It is a part of the Mithila region. Katihar has a widespread railway network which connects the city to every other part of the country. It is known for its connectivity to the nooks and corners of the North East via railway and hence it is sometimes called "The Gateway of North-East." The city is located in the interior of Bihar and does not have a good network of roads. Katihar has many renowned educational institutions. Schools like Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ramakrishna Mission and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya have their branches in the city. Quite a few well-known colleges in Katihar offer courses in medical sciences, technology. law and other disciplines. The city has a special inclination towards Movies and Sports. There are many movie theatres and open grounds to support these passions of the residents. The railway junction, which is connected to six different lines, is the main revenue generator for this city. Katihar is also a commercial city with plenty of shops, showrooms and restaurants.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.