Karnal is situated within the National Capital Region. It functions as the headquarters of the Karnal District of Haryana. It is believed that the city was founded by Karna, an important figure in the Hindu epic of Mahabharata, who had died at the hands of archrival and his half-brother, Arjuna. It is one of the 100 cities that are being developed into smart cities as per PM Narendra Modis Smart Cities Mission. It is one of the cleanest cities in the country that houses many reputed educational institutions like Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University of Karnal, Dyal Singh College, and branches of famous schools like Delhi Public School and Kendriya Vidyalaya. The city served as a refuge for the British survivors during the 1857 Uprising in Delhi.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.