The district of Buxar consists of areas under the Buxar Sadar of the old Bhojpur District and it came into existence in 1991. The headquarters and principal town of the state is Buxar Town. The district is surrounded by Ballia, Ghaziapur, Rohtas and Bhojpur District. The Buxar District consists of a total of 2 sub-divisions and 11 blocks. One town is located in each of the sub-division. The climate of the district is moderate. The months of May and April are considered to be very hot and the cold weather begins in November and lasts till March end. However, the rainfall experienced by the district is mostly in July and August. The district of Buxar is also struggling with the problems of deforestation which is asserted by the thin forest area. Firewood is still considered to be one of the major products of these forests. One of the primary reasons for the thinning of forest line is considered to be the development of irrigation programs around the district. Animals found in the district are Neelgain, spotted deer and monkeys. The perennial source of water is the river, Sone. This river-stretch provides irrigation to a significant portion of the district. Buxar has gradually turned into an agriculture-centric district with a large chunk of its land-use devoted towards agricultural activities. Rice, wheat, grams and pulses are considered to be the main crops of the district. When it comes to industry, there are many small and medium scale industries located in this district. The major SMEs in the district being the soap industry and the leather industry. The credit facilities in the district, however, are very limited. The primary credit-giving banks in the district are the Central Co-Operative Institutions. These banks are only limited to financing the short and medium term loans towards agricultural practices.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.