Bihar Sharif. located in the Indian state of Bihar, functions as the headquarters of the Nalanda district. It is the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan region in the state. Its name is derived from two words - Bihar which is taken from the name of the state as well as from the word Buddha Vihara; and sharif which refers to the resting place of the Sufi saint Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri. The city is a renowned hub of education and trade in the southern regions of Bihar. The economy of this city centers around agriculture, tourism and household manufacturing. Crops such as potato, cauliflower, mustard seed and other vegetables are cultivated and sold to neighboring states. The city serves as a gateway to Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri; thus tourism also boosts the citys economy. The household industries manufacture footwear and garments that add to the revenue generation of the city. Bihar Sharif is currently competing to obtain funds under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.