Bhagalpur is a historically important city. It is nestled on the banks of the Ganges in the Indian state of Bihar. Etymologically, the name of the city was derived from the word Bhagdatpuram which means good luck. According to the Hindu mythological texts, it was the place where the Hindu Gods and demons churned the ocean (Samudra Manthan) to procure elixir. Often referred to as the Silk City, Bhagalpur is a major commercial, educational and political center, and it has been selected by PM Narendra Modi for being developed into a smart city. The fertile plains in the Gangetic basin support the cultivation of crops such as rice, barley, wheat, maize and oilseeds. The city has been long associated with the silk industry - its Tussar Silk & Bhagalpuri Sarees are famous all over the country. The thermal power plant of NTPC Kahalgaon is located in the vicinity of the city. This industrial belt is equally important in boosting the citys economy. The Government of India has taken the initiative to establish a Hand-loom park at Bhagalpur. Private entrepreneurs have also set up a food park. Bhagalpurs Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is famous for Gangetic dolphins and attracts many tourists and environmentalists. There are various tourist spots like the Mandar Parvat, the Kuppa Ghat and a Stupa from the Pala Empire.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.