Bagaha is a small city located in the Pashchim Champaran district of Bihar. It is a city and a municipality and functions as a subdivision of the Pashchim Champaran district. Bagaha is situated around 64 kilometers north-west of Bettiah and around 294 kilometers away from the state capital Patna. The Gandak River flows through this city, gifting it with fertile soil suitable for cultivation. Bagaha also houses the Valmiki Tiger Reserve. Bagaha has more than 1 lakh residents who mostly speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri and Urdu. The economy of the region is chiefly agrarian and the resident farmers are engaged in the cultivation of paddy, sugarcane and cane reeds.
The government owns 63.44% of the share capital of Union Bank of India making it one of the largest government-owned bank. As on 30 September 2015, the Union Bank had a network of 6909 ATMs. The online telebanking facility of UBI is available to all the Core Banking Customers, either individual or corporate. UBI had 4214 branches, as of September 2016. Out of them, four bank branches are outside India in Hong Kong, Antwerp, and Sydney (Australia) Dubai International Financial Centre. The representative offices of UBI are at Abu Dhabi, Shanghai, Beijing. The Union Bank of India (Union Bank) was registered as a limited company in Mumbai on 11 November 1919, and Mahatma Gandhi inaugrated it. The Union Bank of India had only four branches - three in Mumbai and one in Saurashtra at the time of Independence in 1947. After Independence, the growth of UBI was accelerated, and the Indian Government nationalized it in 1969. It had 240 branches by that time. The Union Bank of India acquired Belgaum Bank shortly after nationalization. The UBI bought the Miraj State Bank in 1985. In 1999 the Union Bank was requested by the RBI to acquire Sikkim Bank in a rescue after extensive irregularities had been discovered at the non-scheduled bank.