singrauli, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is popularly known as the Energy capital of India. The area used to be covered in dense forests earlier that was not navigable and inhabited by wild animals. It was earlier known as Shringavali. It was named after a sage known as Shringi. The kings of the Rewa State ruled the area till 1947. They used the area as an open-air prison to detain errant civilians and officers. Singrauli has five tehsils now - Singrauli, Chitrangi, Deosar, Mada and Sarai. Singrauli has a group of rock-cut caves called Mada Caves made in the 7th and 8th century. All major companies operating in this area belongs to the Indian energy industry, which entirely drives the economy of the city. The companies focus on mining of coal and subsequent power generation. NTPC, Coal India Limited, Essar, Hindalco, Reliance and several other established companies have set up their plants at Singrauli. The industrial belt has also resulted in a critical condition of air pollution which is a serious concern.
Punjab National Bank is a financial services company and a state-owned headquartered in New Delhi, India. In 1894, the PNB was found. The bank had over 80 million customers, 6,937 branches, and 10681 ATMs across 764 cities as of 31 March 2017. Outside India, the bank has a subsidiary in the UK as well as in Hong Kong, Kowloon, Dubai, and Kabul. On 19 May 1894, the PNB was incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, with its office in Anarkali Bazaar, Lahore. The founding board from different parts of India established the bank with the common objective of creating a truly national bank which would further support the economic interest of the country. The founders of PNB included many leaders of the Swadeshi movement such as Kali Prasanna Roy, E. C. Jessawala, Prabhu Dayal, Dyal Singh Majithia and Lala Harkishen Lal, Lala Lalchand, Bakshi Jaishi Ram, and Lala Dholan Dass. The Lala Lajpat Rai was actively associated with the management of the Bank in the initial years. The board of PNB first met on 23 May 1894. On 12 April 1895, the bank began its business in Lahore. In 1900, the PNB opened its first branch outside Lahore.