Kanpur is an Indian city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was earlier known as "Cawnpore." It closely follows the state capital Lucknow in terms of area and population. The city is of utmost religious, historical and commercial importance. Kanpur stands on the banks of the eternal Ganga and is considered to be one of the major industrial centers of India. This industrial town excels in basic metal, chemicals and rubber products. Kanpur has a bunch of defense factories for Field guns, ordnance equipment, small arms and ordnance parachutes. The leather industry in Kanpur is also quite famous. Kanpur previously had a huge yield of cotton and was often called the "Manchester of India." Besides being the most industrialized region of UP, Kanpur is also recognized as an important educational center. The city hosts prestigious institutions like IIT Kanpur and Harcourt Butler Technological Institute. Moreover, Kanpur is closely following Kota and has recently become a hub of coaching center. Innumerable coaching institutes have sprouted in the Kakadeo area of Kanpur. The infrastructural facilities in Kanpur are under development. The city has a domestic airport, but people need to travel to the neighboring city of Lucknow for international flights. Kanpur Central is an important and busy railway station with rail routes connecting to all major Indian cities. The local roads in Kanpur are not well appreciated although many highways pass through the city. A peripheral Outer Ring Road is under-construction to allow the heavy vehicles to bypass the city and prevent traffic congestion in the city. Kanpur is famous for its pollution. According to WHO, it is the worlds most polluted city and thus hinders the development of the city.
Punjab National Bank is a financial services company and a state-owned headquartered in New Delhi, India. In 1894, the PNB was found. The bank had over 80 million customers, 6,937 branches, and 10681 ATMs across 764 cities as of 31 March 2017. Outside India, the bank has a subsidiary in the UK as well as in Hong Kong, Kowloon, Dubai, and Kabul. On 19 May 1894, the PNB was incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, with its office in Anarkali Bazaar, Lahore. The founding board from different parts of India established the bank with the common objective of creating a truly national bank which would further support the economic interest of the country. The founders of PNB included many leaders of the Swadeshi movement such as Kali Prasanna Roy, E. C. Jessawala, Prabhu Dayal, Dyal Singh Majithia and Lala Harkishen Lal, Lala Lalchand, Bakshi Jaishi Ram, and Lala Dholan Dass. The Lala Lajpat Rai was actively associated with the management of the Bank in the initial years. The board of PNB first met on 23 May 1894. On 12 April 1895, the bank began its business in Lahore. In 1900, the PNB opened its first branch outside Lahore.