Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
On 19th February 1943, the OBC was started in Lahore, Pakistan by Late Rai Bahadur Lala Sohan Lal, the founding father of Oriental Bank of Commerce. The bank had to face the after-effects of partition in 1947. The branches in the newly formed Pakistan had shut, and the Registered Office had shifted from Lahore to Amritsar. The registered office was relocated to Delhi, in the year 1951. In 1980, it was nationalized by the Indian government. The merchant banking division of the bank was set up in 1992, and it was authorized by SEBI to act as a category-I merchant banker. In the year 1997, Punjab Co-operative Bank Ltd and Bari Doab Bank Ltd were merged with the OBC bank. The bank had joined hands with Citibank for launching OBC co-branded credit card. In the year 1999, OBC had set up asset recovery branch, one each at Delhi and Mumbai. For women entrepreneurs in the year 2002, the Bank had opened a specialized office and collaborated with Corporation Bank for sharing ATM network. In the year 2003, CBS, OBC had joined hands with Infosys Technologies Ltd and Wipro Ltd to make Centralised Banking Solution. In the same year, the OBC Bank and Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) had agreed to work on projects in the field of small-scale, infrastructure and service areas. In February 2008, the Oriental Bank Navkiran Deposit Scheme was launched by the bank. Kotak Mahindra Asset Management Company entered into a distribution tie-up with OBC in March of the year 2008.