Vadodara is more popularly known by its earlier name Baroda. It is an important city in Gujarat. Vadodara stands third among the largest cities in Gujarat, closely following Ahmedabad and Surat. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, and hence the city has earned the name of the ?Sanskrit Nagar? or the ?Kala Nagari? (City of Arts). After the Mughals were expelled by the Marathas from Gujarat, their local lieutenants known as the Gaekwad clan settled down in Vadodara. The descendants of the royal family still remain in this city in the famous Lakshmi Vilas Palace. Fertilizers, medicines, compounds, fisheries, dairy, fiber weaves and machine gears contribute to this citys economy. Crops like rice, wheat, grams, sugarcane, yellow peas and yarn are harvested in Vadodara. The city is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. Vadodara experiences a semi-arid climate, with dry summers and winters and humid monsoon days. Many large-scale and heavy industries can be found in this city. Units of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (or ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) are to be found in and around the city. There are numerous educational institutions in Vadodara including the largest university in Gujarat - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
In 1926, seven businessmen of Karur founded Lakshmi Vilas Bank under the leadership of Shri V.S.N. Ramalinga Chettiar. They aimed to serve the financial needs of people who were occupied in trading businesses, industry and agriculture, in and around Karur. The bank was established on November 3, 1926, under the Indian Companies Act, 1913, and on November 10, 1926, it obtained the certificate to commence business. After the Banking Regulations Act was introduced in1949, the bank received its banking license from RBI and became a scheduled commercial bank? revealing its capability to operate as a full-fledged commercial bank. Lakshmi Vilas Bank did considerable expansion of its branch network from 1961 to 1965, when the bank took over nine other banks. The bank started the development of its branch network beyond Tamil Nadu in 1974 to take benefit from the additional opportunities across India. Thus, offices were established in the neighboring states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala, critical financial centres like Kolkata, Mumbai and New Delhi, as well as in other prominent business centers in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.