Panihati is a developing city in the North 24 Parganas district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration with more than 3 lakh residents. Panihati municipality is a part of the Kolkata Metropolitan Area Development Area or KMDA. There are prestigious educational institutions such as the St. Xaviers Institution, the Narula Institute of Technology, Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, etc. in the vicinity of the city. The small city is well connected via railways with two important railway stations - Agarpara and Sodepur in the vicinity. The place is known for hosting many industries. The Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals at Panihati is a leading manufacturer of medicines. The Bengal Waterproof Works Private Ltd. is popular for their brand Duckback. The Texmaco Rail and Engineering Ltd. has five manufacturing units in and around Panihati. The residents are either employed in these industries or they travel to the various service sectors of the KMDA region for work.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.