Bihar Sharif. located in the Indian state of Bihar, functions as the headquarters of the Nalanda district. It is the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan region in the state. Its name is derived from two words - Bihar which is taken from the name of the state as well as from the word Buddha Vihara; and sharif which refers to the resting place of the Sufi saint Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri. The city is a renowned hub of education and trade in the southern regions of Bihar. The economy of this city centers around agriculture, tourism and household manufacturing. Crops such as potato, cauliflower, mustard seed and other vegetables are cultivated and sold to neighboring states. The city serves as a gateway to Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri; thus tourism also boosts the citys economy. The household industries manufacture footwear and garments that add to the revenue generation of the city. Bihar Sharif is currently competing to obtain funds under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.