The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
IDBI Bank was established to provide credit and other financial facilities for the development of the fledgling Indian industry, in 1964. The Government of India owns it. It is a nationalized bank treated on par with State Bank of India (SBI) and other nationalized banks as per the notification dated 26th February 2013 by the finance ministry. At present,77% stake in IDBI Bank is holding by the government. In the current fiscal of 2017-18, the bank made a loss of Rs.853 crore compared to a profit of Rs.241 crore earned during the last fiscal year. It currently has 3,817 ATMs, 1,995 branches, including one overseas office in Dubai. On June 29, 2018, Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has got a technical go-ahead from IRDAI to increase stake in IDBI Bank up to 51%. The RBI formed a committee which recommended the development financial institution (IDBI) to diversify its activity and harmonize the role of development financing and banking activities by getting away from the conventional distinction between commercial banking and developmental banking. The bank had 16,555 employees, out of which 197 were employees with disabilities, as on 31st March.