Vadodara is more popularly known by its earlier name Baroda. It is an important city in Gujarat. Vadodara stands third among the largest cities in Gujarat, closely following Ahmedabad and Surat. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, and hence the city has earned the name of the ?Sanskrit Nagar? or the ?Kala Nagari? (City of Arts). After the Mughals were expelled by the Marathas from Gujarat, their local lieutenants known as the Gaekwad clan settled down in Vadodara. The descendants of the royal family still remain in this city in the famous Lakshmi Vilas Palace. Fertilizers, medicines, compounds, fisheries, dairy, fiber weaves and machine gears contribute to this citys economy. Crops like rice, wheat, grams, sugarcane, yellow peas and yarn are harvested in Vadodara. The city is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. Vadodara experiences a semi-arid climate, with dry summers and winters and humid monsoon days. Many large-scale and heavy industries can be found in this city. Units of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (or ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) are to be found in and around the city. There are numerous educational institutions in Vadodara including the largest university in Gujarat - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
ICICI Bank is an Indian multinational and financial services company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, with its registered office in Vadodara. In 2017, it became the third largest bank in India concerning assets and fourth regarding market capitalization. It offers many products and financial services for corporate and retail customers through investment banking, life insurance, non-life insurance, venture capital and asset management. The bank had a vast network of 4,850 branches and 14,404 ATMs in India having a presence in 17 countries as of 2017. In 1998, ICICIs shareholding in ICICI Bank was reduced to 46 percent, through a public offering of shares in India , followed by an equity offering in the form of American Depositary Receipts on the NYSE in 2000. ICICI Bank acquired the Bank of Madura Limited in an all-stock deal in 2001, Sangli Bank in 2007 and Bank of Rajasthan in 2010. In 2000, ICICI Bank became the first Indian bank to list on the New York Stock Exchange with its five million American depositary shares. In October 2001, the merger of ICICI and two of its wholly-owned retail finance subsidiaries was permitted by the Boards of Directors of ICICI and ICICI Bank, ICICI Personal Financial Services Limited and ICICI Capital Services Limited, with ICICI Bank.