The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
ICICI Bank is an Indian multinational and financial services company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, with its registered office in Vadodara. In 2017, it became the third largest bank in India concerning assets and fourth regarding market capitalization. It offers many products and financial services for corporate and retail customers through investment banking, life insurance, non-life insurance, venture capital and asset management. The bank had a vast network of 4,850 branches and 14,404 ATMs in India having a presence in 17 countries as of 2017. In 1998, ICICIs shareholding in ICICI Bank was reduced to 46 percent, through a public offering of shares in India , followed by an equity offering in the form of American Depositary Receipts on the NYSE in 2000. ICICI Bank acquired the Bank of Madura Limited in an all-stock deal in 2001, Sangli Bank in 2007 and Bank of Rajasthan in 2010. In 2000, ICICI Bank became the first Indian bank to list on the New York Stock Exchange with its five million American depositary shares. In October 2001, the merger of ICICI and two of its wholly-owned retail finance subsidiaries was permitted by the Boards of Directors of ICICI and ICICI Bank, ICICI Personal Financial Services Limited and ICICI Capital Services Limited, with ICICI Bank.