Vadodara is more popularly known by its earlier name Baroda. It is an important city in Gujarat. Vadodara stands third among the largest cities in Gujarat, closely following Ahmedabad and Surat. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, and hence the city has earned the name of the ?Sanskrit Nagar? or the ?Kala Nagari? (City of Arts). After the Mughals were expelled by the Marathas from Gujarat, their local lieutenants known as the Gaekwad clan settled down in Vadodara. The descendants of the royal family still remain in this city in the famous Lakshmi Vilas Palace. Fertilizers, medicines, compounds, fisheries, dairy, fiber weaves and machine gears contribute to this citys economy. Crops like rice, wheat, grams, sugarcane, yellow peas and yarn are harvested in Vadodara. The city is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. Vadodara experiences a semi-arid climate, with dry summers and winters and humid monsoon days. Many large-scale and heavy industries can be found in this city. Units of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (or ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) are to be found in and around the city. There are numerous educational institutions in Vadodara including the largest university in Gujarat - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
The HDFC Bank Limited was started in Mumbai. As of 31st March 2018, the bank has more than 88,000 permanent employees in India, and abroad, it has offices in Bahrain, Hong Kong, and Dubai. By assets, the HDFC Bank is Indias largest private sector lender. It is the largest bank in India and ranked 69th in 2016 BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands. In 1994, the HDFC Bank was established with its registered office in Mumbai, India. The then Union Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh inaugurated its first corporate office and a full-service branch at Sandoz House, Worli. The bank had 4,715 branches and 12,260 ATMs across India, as of June 30, 2017. In FY 2017, the bank also installed 4.30 lakhs POS terminals and issued 235.7 lakhs debit cards and 85.4 Lacs credit cards. The HDFC Bank offers many products and services including wholesale banking, treasury, auto loans, two wheeler loans, personal loans, retail banking, loans against property and credit cards. Along with this various digital products are also introduced by HDFC such as Payzapp and Chillr. The HDFC Bank merged with Times Bank in February 2000. In the new-generation private sector banks category, it was the first merger of two private banks. HDFC Bank acquired Centurion Bank in 2008 approved by the HDFC Bank Board for 95.1 billion INR as one of the most significant mergers in the financial sector in India.