singrauli, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is popularly known as the Energy capital of India. The area used to be covered in dense forests earlier that was not navigable and inhabited by wild animals. It was earlier known as Shringavali. It was named after a sage known as Shringi. The kings of the Rewa State ruled the area till 1947. They used the area as an open-air prison to detain errant civilians and officers. Singrauli has five tehsils now - Singrauli, Chitrangi, Deosar, Mada and Sarai. Singrauli has a group of rock-cut caves called Mada Caves made in the 7th and 8th century. All major companies operating in this area belongs to the Indian energy industry, which entirely drives the economy of the city. The companies focus on mining of coal and subsequent power generation. NTPC, Coal India Limited, Essar, Hindalco, Reliance and several other established companies have set up their plants at Singrauli. The industrial belt has also resulted in a critical condition of air pollution which is a serious concern.
The HDFC Bank Limited was started in Mumbai. As of 31st March 2018, the bank has more than 88,000 permanent employees in India, and abroad, it has offices in Bahrain, Hong Kong, and Dubai. By assets, the HDFC Bank is Indias largest private sector lender. It is the largest bank in India and ranked 69th in 2016 BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands. In 1994, the HDFC Bank was established with its registered office in Mumbai, India. The then Union Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh inaugurated its first corporate office and a full-service branch at Sandoz House, Worli. The bank had 4,715 branches and 12,260 ATMs across India, as of June 30, 2017. In FY 2017, the bank also installed 4.30 lakhs POS terminals and issued 235.7 lakhs debit cards and 85.4 Lacs credit cards. The HDFC Bank offers many products and services including wholesale banking, treasury, auto loans, two wheeler loans, personal loans, retail banking, loans against property and credit cards. Along with this various digital products are also introduced by HDFC such as Payzapp and Chillr. The HDFC Bank merged with Times Bank in February 2000. In the new-generation private sector banks category, it was the first merger of two private banks. HDFC Bank acquired Centurion Bank in 2008 approved by the HDFC Bank Board for 95.1 billion INR as one of the most significant mergers in the financial sector in India.