The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The Federal Bank Limited based in Kochi, Kerala is a major private sector commercial bank. The Federal Bank had 1252 branches and 1680 ATMs across the country, as on 31 March 2016. The Pattamukkil Varattisseril Brothers gathered together to discuss the necessary steps to be taken to form a bank, on 7th April 1931 at Pattamukkil Varattisseril Tharavad. Among the founders of the bank are Pattamukkil Varattisseril Oommen Geevarghese, and his brothers Oommen Kurian, Oommen George Oommen Chacko. The Oommen Chacko was the managing director, and the Oommen Geevarghese was the founder chairman. The limitation of interest by the Travancore Debt Relief Act, 1941 and The Travancore Agriculturists Relief Act, 1939, greatly influenced the smooth functioning of the bank. On 2 December 1949, the bank was named Federal Bank Limited, after the completion of formalities of Banking Regulation Act, 1949. The Federal Bank introduced FedBook, the first electronic passbook in August 2013. The FedBook is a mobile application using which customers can check their passbook details. Federal Bank and SBI Card launched Federal Bank-SBI two co-branded Visa credit cards, namely Platinum and Gold N More in May 2015. In July 2015, an automated chat facility was introduced by the Federal Bank. Federal Bank launched Indias first Mobile App for Bank Account Opening in August 2015, creating history. As an upgrade to FedBook, e-Passbook App was launched by the bank as a unique facility of mobile-based bank opening. Anyone having an Aadhaar Card and PAN Card, can open a Savings Bank Account and get their Account Number instantly using a mobile from anywhere through the new avatar of Fedbook. In August 2016, Lotza, the Unified Payment Interface app was launched by the Federal Bank.