The large city of Shimoga in the Indian state of Karnataka functions as the district headquarters of Shimoga District. The city has been officially renamed shivamogga in 2014. It is located in the central part of Karnataka, on the banks of the Tunga River and serves as a gateway to the hilly regions of the Western Ghats. Shivamogga is popularly nicknamed as the "Gateway of Malnad." Shimoga experiences a tropical wet and dry climate and has a population of around 3.3 lakh. Shimoga is an important center for education with its wide variety of prestigious schools as well as colleges. Industries such as Malnad Alloys, Pearlite Industries, Vijay Technocrats, Perfect Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, etc. are some foundries that manufacture castings which are supplied to other related industries in the country as well as exported. The city is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, chili plantations, areca nut and coconut groves which contributes to the economy of the city. An IT Park is being constructed at Shimoga, near the upcoming Shimoga airport.
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