Being the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, Madurai is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It is known for its vibrant and rich cultural heritage. It is a seat of education for the Tamil language and famous for its aesthetic art and literature. Madurai has been held in high esteem by many scholars and it is referred to as the "City of Temples and Poets." The history of Madurai dates back to 3rd century BCE, with proof of its vintage through archaeological surveys. The famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai draws many devotees and tourists to the city throughout the year. Tourists from all over the country, especially its southern state, visit Madurai to explore its many temples as well as popular tourist spots like the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Gandhi Memorial Museum, Rajaji Children?s Park, etc. The modern city of Madurai is divided into 100 wards, each of which is administered by an elected member. The city has a large farming community involved in the cultivation of crops like paddy, jasmine, rubber, etc. These drive the economy and trade in the city apart from a few modern industries such as the manufacture of tires, auto components, granite, textile and chemicals. Madurai serves as the base for a few popular two-wheeler manufacturers in India. Many software companies have recently opened their offices in the city and Madurai has been promoted to a Tier-II city. With pristine universities and colleges like the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madura College, Thiagarajar College, American College, Madurai Law College etc. the city is regarded as an academic center for the state of Tamil Nadu.
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