Bijapur, a small city in the Indian state of Karnataka, is officially known as Vijayapura. The city is renowned for its historical monuments of grand architecture built during the reign of the Adil Shahi dynasty. It is a heritage city of Karnataka. The city was established in the 10th or 11th century by the Chalukyas of Kalyani and was named as Vijayapura or the city of victory. Bijapur is an ancient city which is the domain of different cultures and also houses five rivers. The rivers ensure a fertile land in the area that supports the agricultural lifestyle of its people. However, most of these rivers are rainfed and hence the region suffers from drought very frequently. There are reputed universities at Bijapur such as the Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka State Womens University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, etc. The place has a rich cultural heritage reflected through its sophisticated literature.
The Andhra Bank had been nationalized in April 1980. It narrowly escaped nationalization in 1969, when all the banks were having deposits of 50 crores and above were nationalized. It was the number one bank among private sector banks from 1969 to 1980. In 1980, more banks with deposits of 200 crores were nationalized. Andhra Bank has its head office in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. C V R Rajendran, chairman and managing director of Andhra Bank was appointed by the finance ministry, earlier worked as executive director at Bank of Maharashtra. The Andhra Bank was the prominent bank in introducing credit cards in India. Also, it is the first bank to issue travelers cheques in Foreign Currency and to launch insurance linked deposit schemes. Though it used to have most of its branches in Andhra earlier, now it has spread itself all across the country. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Two of Indias public sector banks ? Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UKs financial and investment company (26%) established IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company as a joint venture in November 2009.