The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
Muthoot Finance Ltd. is known as one the large gold financing company in the world. The company also offers other services a part from gold financing such as , money transfers, wealth management services,foreign exchange , travel and tourism and selling of gold coins at branches of Muthoot Finance Ltd. The headquarters of the company is located in Kerala, India, and it operates over 4,400 branches across India. Overseas, It has established its office in the UK, the US, and the UAE. The stocks of the company are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange, while the company comes under the brand umbrella of the Muthoot Group. The target market of Muthoot Finance consists of small businesses, SME business owners, vendors, farmers, traders, and salaried individuals. In 1939, M George Muthoot founded Muthoot Finance. The Reserve Bank of India has licensed Moothot Finance company under Companies act of 1956 to operate as NBFC without taking public deposits, and it is liberated from Money Lenders Acts provisions in Karnataka and other states. The gold loan business of the company constitutes more than 99% of its total revenue.