singrauli, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is popularly known as the Energy capital of India. The area used to be covered in dense forests earlier that was not navigable and inhabited by wild animals. It was earlier known as Shringavali. It was named after a sage known as Shringi. The kings of the Rewa State ruled the area till 1947. They used the area as an open-air prison to detain errant civilians and officers. Singrauli has five tehsils now - Singrauli, Chitrangi, Deosar, Mada and Sarai. Singrauli has a group of rock-cut caves called Mada Caves made in the 7th and 8th century. All major companies operating in this area belongs to the Indian energy industry, which entirely drives the economy of the city. The companies focus on mining of coal and subsequent power generation. NTPC, Coal India Limited, Essar, Hindalco, Reliance and several other established companies have set up their plants at Singrauli. The industrial belt has also resulted in a critical condition of air pollution which is a serious concern.
In February 2003, the RBI gave the license to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd to carry on banking business. The head office of the Kotak Mahindra, an Indian private sector bank, is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It provides banking products and financial services for corporate and retail customers and specialized subsidiaries in the areas of life insurance, investment banking, general insurance, and wealth management.The Bank has 1,369 branches across 689 locations and 2,163 ATMs in the country, as of 31 March 2017. In 2018, it became the second largest private bank in India by market capitalization after the HDFC Bank. Uday Kotak established the Kotak Mahindra Bank which became a financial services conglomerate. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provided the banking licence to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd (KMFL), the Groups flagship company in February 2003. The KMFL became the first non-banking finance company in India to be converted into a bank ? Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited (Kmb)ltd.In a study published in February 2014 by Brand Finance Banking 500, KMBL was ranked 245th among the worlds top 500 banks with valuation of around half a billion dollars and brand rating of AA+. The Kotak Bank acquired ING Vysya Bank in a deal valued at ?15,000 crore in 2015. Total employment jumped to almost 40,000, and the count of branches reached 1261 with the merger. After the merger,the ING Group, which controlled ING Vysya Bank, owned a 7% share in Kotak Mahindra Bank.