Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
In February 2003, the RBI gave the license to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd to carry on banking business. The head office of the Kotak Mahindra, an Indian private sector bank, is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It provides banking products and financial services for corporate and retail customers and specialized subsidiaries in the areas of life insurance, investment banking, general insurance, and wealth management.The Bank has 1,369 branches across 689 locations and 2,163 ATMs in the country, as of 31 March 2017. In 2018, it became the second largest private bank in India by market capitalization after the HDFC Bank. Uday Kotak established the Kotak Mahindra Bank which became a financial services conglomerate. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provided the banking licence to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd (KMFL), the Groups flagship company in February 2003. The KMFL became the first non-banking finance company in India to be converted into a bank ? Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited (Kmb)ltd.In a study published in February 2014 by Brand Finance Banking 500, KMBL was ranked 245th among the worlds top 500 banks with valuation of around half a billion dollars and brand rating of AA+. The Kotak Bank acquired ING Vysya Bank in a deal valued at ?15,000 crore in 2015. Total employment jumped to almost 40,000, and the count of branches reached 1261 with the merger. After the merger,the ING Group, which controlled ING Vysya Bank, owned a 7% share in Kotak Mahindra Bank.