Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is known for its scenic beauty and old historic structures. The city has many natural as well as artificial lakes and is often referred to as the City of Lakes. The city is divided into two - old and new Bhopal. The old city is marked by its marketplaces, mosques and palaces, whereas the new city has modern buildings, broad avenues as well as many verdant parks and gardens. Folklore says that the city was founded by Raja Bhoja of the Paramara dynasty in the 11th century. The modern city of Bhopal was established by a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army by the name of Dost Mohammad Khan soon after the death of King Aurangzeb. Bhopals delectable cuisine and splendid architecture was a gift from the Muslim rulers. During the British rule, Bhopal became a princely state and was ruled by four Muslim women who are popularly known as the Begums. These Begums gifted the city with its railways, waterworks, the postal system and even a municipality. Hindus and Muslims harmoniously coexist in this city that celebrates Diwali and Eid with equal passion and devotion. Bhopal, in recent times, serves as a trade center of electrical goods, and chemicals, cotton clothes and jewelry. The city also has various institutes of national importance. AIIMS, IISER and ISRO?s Master Control Facility are a few among them. Bhopal is known for its gas tragedy on 3rd December 1984, when methyl isocyanate gas escaped from the Union Carbide Insecticide plant and affected the lives of lakhs of people, killing thousands. It was one of the gravest industrial disasters in the history of mankind.
In February 2003, the RBI gave the license to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd to carry on banking business. The head office of the Kotak Mahindra, an Indian private sector bank, is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It provides banking products and financial services for corporate and retail customers and specialized subsidiaries in the areas of life insurance, investment banking, general insurance, and wealth management.The Bank has 1,369 branches across 689 locations and 2,163 ATMs in the country, as of 31 March 2017. In 2018, it became the second largest private bank in India by market capitalization after the HDFC Bank. Uday Kotak established the Kotak Mahindra Bank which became a financial services conglomerate. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) provided the banking licence to Kotak Mahindra Finance Ltd (KMFL), the Groups flagship company in February 2003. The KMFL became the first non-banking finance company in India to be converted into a bank ? Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited (Kmb)ltd.In a study published in February 2014 by Brand Finance Banking 500, KMBL was ranked 245th among the worlds top 500 banks with valuation of around half a billion dollars and brand rating of AA+. The Kotak Bank acquired ING Vysya Bank in a deal valued at ?15,000 crore in 2015. Total employment jumped to almost 40,000, and the count of branches reached 1261 with the merger. After the merger,the ING Group, which controlled ING Vysya Bank, owned a 7% share in Kotak Mahindra Bank.