Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
IDBI Bank was established to provide credit and other financial facilities for the development of the fledgling Indian industry, in 1964. The Government of India owns it. It is a nationalized bank treated on par with State Bank of India (SBI) and other nationalized banks as per the notification dated 26th February 2013 by the finance ministry. At present,77% stake in IDBI Bank is holding by the government. In the current fiscal of 2017-18, the bank made a loss of Rs.853 crore compared to a profit of Rs.241 crore earned during the last fiscal year. It currently has 3,817 ATMs, 1,995 branches, including one overseas office in Dubai. On June 29, 2018, Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has got a technical go-ahead from IRDAI to increase stake in IDBI Bank up to 51%. The RBI formed a committee which recommended the development financial institution (IDBI) to diversify its activity and harmonize the role of development financing and banking activities by getting away from the conventional distinction between commercial banking and developmental banking. The bank had 16,555 employees, out of which 197 were employees with disabilities, as on 31st March.