The ancient city of Gaya in the Indian state of Bihar has great historical and mythological significance. It is located on the banks of the Phalgu River and is considered to be a place sanctified by the Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religions. Gaya is surrounded by small rocky hills on three sides and the river on the fourth side. The city displays a harmonious mix of natural surroundings, ancient buildings, greenery and narrow by-lanes. Gaya has been mentioned in the great Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Rama, Sita and Lakshmana had visited Gaya to offer "pind-daan" after their father Dasharaths death. The place appears as Gayapuri in the Mahabharata. Gaya has many household industries like incense sticks, stone crafting, power looms as well as local sweets like tilkut and lai. There are some small-scale manufacturing industries for packaging, plastic products, scrap and handlooms. Gaya is an important center for religious tourism. Hence, there are numerous affordable Hotels and other accommodations which contribute to the citys economy. Gaya boasts of a bright educational history. Pristine institutions such as the Magadh University, the Gaya College, the Gaya Engineering College support the education of the youth. A branch of the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bodhgaya has also been recently established in Gaya.
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